Power Supply Voltage Tolerances (ATX v2.2) – Power Supply Voltage Tolerances


Power Supply Voltage Tolerances (ATX v2.2) – The power supply in a PC supplies various voltages to internal devices in a computer through power connectors. These voltages don’t have to be exact, but they can only vary up or down by a certain amount, called a tolerance.

If a power supply is providing the parts of a computer with a particular voltage outside this tolerance, the devices being powered may not work properly—or at all.

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Below is a table listing the tolerances for each power supply voltage rail according to Version 2.2 of the ATX Specification (PDF).

Power Supply Voltage Tolerances (ATX v2.2)

PSU Tolerance Table
Voltage RailToleranceMinimum VoltageMaximum Voltage
+3.3VDC± 5%+3.135 VDC+3.465 VDC
+5VDC± 5%+4.750 VDC+5.250 VDC
+5VSB± 5%+4.750 VDC+5.250 VDC
-5VDC (if used)± 10%-4.500 VDC-5.500 VDC
+12VDC± 5%+11.400 VDC+12.600 VDC
-12VDC± 10%-10.800 VDC– 13.200 VDC

To help when testing a power supply, we’ve also calculated the minimum and maximum voltages using the tolerances listed. You can reference our ATX Power Supply Pinout Tables list for details on which power connector pins supply which voltage.

Power Good Delay is the amount of time it takes a power supply to start up completely and begin delivering the proper voltages to the connected devices. According to the Desktop Platform Form Factors Power Supply Guide [PDF], Power Good Delay (called PWR_OK delay in that document) should be 100–500 ms.

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